The General Department of Vietnam Customs held a press conference on the results and solutions in the fight against origin fraud of exported goods through post-clearance inspection on 27 December 2019 at its Headquarters.
Attending the press conference were leaders of Post-Clearance Audit Department - General Department of Vietnam Customs, representatives of relevant units under the General Department of Vietnam Customs and reporters from various press agencies nationwide.
In his opening remarks, Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc, Director of Post-clearance Audit Department - General Department of Vietnam Customs highlighted the advantages when Vietnam integrates widely and deeply into the world economy, as well as challenges posed to state management agencies in order to ensure a favorable environment to attract foreign investment at the same time prevent frauds which take advantage of the open policies of the State. Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc said that recently, there has been an emerged issue of using false or invalid Vietnam’s C/O to enjoy preferential tariffs for exported goods under preferential trade agreements between Vietnam and foreign partners around the world.
Deputy Director of Post-Clearance Audit Department, Mr. Tran Manh Cuong said that since the middle of 2018, the trade war between the United States and China has occurred, in which the United States is imposing high taxes on many goods originating from China. Thus, Vietnam Customs has focused on studying the methods and risks of origin fraud and forgery, using Vietnam’s C/O to export goods to the US and EU markets.
The Post-clearance Audit Department has took the initiative in researching and setting up a special task force directly headed by Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc, Director of the Department to do necessary research and inspection on the above doubts and frauds.
Information collection and analysis show a number of enterprises have a sudden sharp increase in export turnover to the US market. Based on the preliminary statistics of 19 groups of commodities with high risk of origin fraud, Vietnam Customs forms a list of companies with risks of C/O fraud and forgery nationwide to conduct inspection.
For the first phase, Post Clearance Audit Department conducted inspection at certain companies to see the lessons learnt. In the second phase, the Department will expand and direct the post-clearance inspection force nationwide to conduct inspection to promptly prevent frauds. Up to now, the Post Clearance Audit Department has inspected nine enterprises and directed nine provincial Customs Departments to inspect 24 others.
Director of Post Clearance Audit Department, Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc, said that in addition to traditional post-clearance inspection, during the inspection process, the Post-Clearance Audit Department also conducted a number of verification and investigation activities in accordance with Article 164 of the Criminal Law and Article 33 of the Law on organization of criminal investigation bodies.
Four among nine inspected enterprises were found with origin fraud on exported goods to the US and EU markets announced Mr. Tran Manh Cuong, Deputy Director of the Department. Three enterprises operated in the area of assembling bicycles and electric bicycles and one enterprise in wooden products (kitchen shelves) assembling. In the working minutes, these enterprises have admitted violations of Vietnamese origin for exported goods. The Post Clearance Audit Department is now submitting the cases to the General Department of Vietnam Customs for handling. As for the remaining businesses, the Post-Clearance Audit Department is continuing to clarify the signs of violations and will expand the area of inspection to some other groups of goods such as solar panels, led lights...
In the second phrase, the Department will select enterprises which are newly established since the end of 2018, importing components, materials and spare parts from China and exporting products to the US and EU markets.
Difficulties faced during the investigation process to bring origin fraud cases to the light shared by Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc also draw great interest of reporters at the press conference.
Questions raised by reporters were answered comprehensively while provided recommendations were noted and highly appreciated by representatives of Vietnam Customs at the press conference./.