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Developments and trends of Vietnam international merchandise trade in June and the first half of 2013

Vietnam Customs Statistics  23/07/2013 2:00 PM


1.  The data compiled by Vietnam Customs shows that Vietnam’s total external merchandise trade in June 2013 reached US dollars 21.73 billion in value terms and slightly shrunk 9.1% against the performance of the prior month-May. In which, the exports dropped by 5.7 percent, to over US dollars 11.0 billion while the imports plunged by 12.3 percent, to US dollars 10.72 billion as compared to the performance of last month. Consequently, Vietnam’s trade balance in June, 2013 was in the modest surplus of US dollars 287 million.

2. For the first half of 2013, Vietnam‘s trade-in- goods summed up to over  US dollars 124  billion in value terms, 15.7% higher than the corresponding period of 2012. In which, the total merchandise exports value expanded by 15.1%, to US dollars 61.54 billion while the total merchandise imports value rose by 15.6%, to US dollars 62.47 billion from June, 2012 to June, 2013. In the first 6 months of 2013, Vietnam’s trade balance was in the deficit of US dollars 933 million.

3. According to trade data disseminated recently by Vietnam Customs, the value of exportation and importation by foreign direct invested (FDI) traders was of  US dollars 72.29 billion in total, accounting for 58.3 percent of Vietnam‘s total external merchandise trade value for Jan.-Jun. period of 2013. Total value of FDI exportation was US dollars 37.16 billion, boosted by 27.5 percent. Regarding importation, the total value of those companies was US dollars 35.13 billion, up robustly by 25.7 percent.



Main Exports and Imports                        

4.  The following Table sourced by the General Department of Customs shows 10 biggest major exported commodities of Vietnam in June, 2013. The leading exported products of the country to the world market included:  telephones, mobile phones and parts thereof (US dollars 1,882 million); textiles and garments (US dollars 1,490 million); computers, electrical products, spare-parts and components thereof (USD dollars 863 million); foot-wear (US dollars 789 million); crude oil (US dollars 677 million); …


5. From the following Table, which illustrates the top 10 biggest imported commodities into Vietnam for the duration of June, 2013, it is evident that the leading imports of the country from rest of the world were as follows: machine, equipment, tools and instruments (US dollars 1,513 million); computers, electrical products, spare-parts and  components thereof (US dollars 1,357 million); Textile, leather and foot- wears materials and auxiliaries group (US dollars 1,209 million); telephones, mobile phones and  parts thereof (US dollars 652 million); iron and steel (US dollars 573 million); petroleum products (US dollars 543 million); plastics (US dollars 462 million), …

Trading Partners

6. From January to June of 2013, Vietnamese merchandise trade with Asia was totaled to US dollars 83.22 billion in value terms, which expanded by 14.7% as compared to the same period of 2012 and accounted for 67.1% of Vietnam total exports and imports. Trade-in-goods of Vietnam with the Europe was followed, which reached US dollars 18.98 billion and increased by 22.1%. The values of trade with other continents were as follows: the America: US dollars 17.3 billion, up by 15.0%; the Oceania: approximate US dollars 2.6 billion, slipped by 2.5% and the Africa: US dollars 1.91 billion, up by 14.7% in comparison with the corresponding period of last year.

During the first half of 2013, Vietnam’s exported shipments to the Association of South East Asia Nations (ASEAN) totaled almost US dollars 8.98 billion, increased by 13.7 percent over the performance of the first half of one year earlier and accounted for 14.6 percent of the country total export. In the meanwhile, Vietnam’s imported shipments originating from this trading block was summed up about US dollars 10.55 billion, advanced  modestly 1.9 percent and made up of 16.9 percent of the country total imports. As a result, Vietnam still continues to maintain a deficit of US dollars 1.57 billion in trade with the ASEAN.

7. Regarding the following Chart, the United States of America was the biggest importer of Vietnamese products with the total value of US dollars 10.9 billion in the first 6 months of   2013; Japan was the second biggest one; and then China, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Germany …


8. Against, China was the biggest partner exporting goods to Vietnam with the value of US dollars 16.9 billion in the first half of 2013, and then: Republic of Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand,…


CurrencyEffective dateExchange rate
USD21/11/201421,246.00 đ
EUR21/11/201426,625.49 đ
JPY21/11/2014179.78 đ
GBP21/11/201433,292.48 đ
CHF21/11/201422,170.51 đ
AUD21/11/201418,280.06 đ
CAD21/11/201418,722.24 đ
SEK21/11/20142,872.13 đ
NOK21/11/20143,125.42 đ
DKK21/11/20143,577.49 đ
RUB21/11/2014453.46 đ
NZD21/11/201416,652.61 đ
HKD21/11/20142,739.62 đ
SGD21/11/201416,321.73 đ
MYR21/11/20146,325.10 đ
THB21/11/2014647.35 đ
IDR21/11/20141.75 đ
KRW21/11/201419.11 đ
INR21/11/2014343.06 đ
TWD21/11/2014688.46 đ
CNY21/11/20143,471.85 đ
KHR21/11/20145.24 đ
LAK21/11/20142.64 đ
MOP21/11/20142,661.41 đ
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